Narrated Ibn `Umar:
Allah's Apostle said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):
1. To testify that there is no deity (owing the right to be worshipped) but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger.
2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.
3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity).
4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Makkah)
5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.
Narrated An-Nu`man bin Bashir:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are
doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people have no knowledge about them.
So whoever saves
himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these
suspicious things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of
someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it.
(O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima
and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh
in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole
body gets spoilt and that is the heart.
Narrated Ubai bin Ka`b:
The Prophet said, "Once the Prophet Moses stood up and addressed Bani Israel. He was asked, "Who
is the most learned man amongst the people. He said, "I am the most learned."
Moses as he did not attribute absolute knowledge to Him (Allah). So Allah inspired to him "At the
junction of the two seas there is a slave amongst my slaves who is more learned than you." Moses
said, "O my Lord! How can I meet him?" Allah said: Take a fish in a large basket (and proceed) and
you will find him at the place where you will lose the fish. So Moses set out along with his (servant)
boy, Yusha` bin Noon and carried a fish in a large basket till they reached a rock, where they laid theirheads (i.e. lay down) and slept. The fish came out of the basket and it took its way into the sea as in a
tunnel. So it was an amazing thing for both Moses and his (servant) boy. They proceeded for the rest
of that night and the following day. When the day broke, Moses said to his (servant) boy: "Bring us
our early meal. No doubt, we have suffered much fatigue in this journey." Moses did not get tired till
he passed the place about which he was told. There the (servant) boy told Moses, "Do you remember
when we betook ourselves to the rock, I indeed forgot the fish." Moses remarked, "That is what we
have been seeking. So they went back retracing their footsteps, till they reached the rock. There they
saw a man covered with a garment (or covering himself with his own garment). Moses greeted him.
Al-Khadir replied saying, "How do people greet each other in your land?"
Moses said, "I am Moses." He asked, "The Moses of Bani Israel?" Moses replied in the affirmative
and added, "May I follow you so that you teach me of that knowledge which you have been taught."
Al-Khadir replied, "Verily! You will not be able to remain patient with me, O Moses! I have some of
the knowledge of Allah which He has taught me and which you do not know, while you have some
knowledge which Allah has taught you which I do not know." Moses said, "Allah willing, you will
find me patient and I will disobey no order of yours. So both of them set out walking along the
seashore, as they did not have a boat. In the meantime a boat passed by them and they requested the
crew of the boat to take them on board. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and took them on board
without fare. Then a sparrow came and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once or twice
in the sea. Al-Khadir said: "O Moses! My knowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allah's
knowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased the water of the sea with its beak."
Al-Khadir went to one of the planks of the boat and plucked it out. Moses said, "These people gave us a
free lift but you have broken their boat and scuttled it so as to drown its people." Al-Khadir replied, "Didn't I tell you that you will not be able to remain patient with me." Moses said, "Call me not to
account for what I forgot." The first (excuse) of Moses was that he had forgotten.
Then they proceeded further and found a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of the
boy's head from the top and plucked it out with his hands (i.e. killed him). Moses said, "Have you
killed an innocent soul who has killed none."
Al-Khadir replied, "Did I not tell you that you cannot
remain patient with me?" Then they both proceeded till when they came to the people of a town, they
asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them. Then they found there a wall on the point of
collapsing. Al-Khadir repaired it with his own hands. Moses said, "If you had wished, surely you
could have taken wages for it." Al-Khadir replied, "This is the parting between you and me." The
Prophet added, "May Allah be Merciful to Moses! Would that he could have been more patient to
learn more about his story with Al-Khadir. "
Salvation ONLY in Quran and Sunnah
Prophet Muhammad s.a.w said that my ummah will have 73 sects; only one will attain salvation.
Companions of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w asked Ya Rasoolallah how would we know which sect is on right path that will attain salvation.
Prophet Muhammad s.a.w replied the sect who will follow me and my Companions.
Are we on the footsteps of Prophet s.a.w and his Companions?
If you are not sure then it is duty of every Muslim to investigate by asking authentic Scholars to verify. If difference of opinion exists amongst Scholars then you should keep investigating till you are fully satisfied with opinion of a Scholar.
Otherwise if one keeps following Innovations then there is a saying of Prophet s.a.w that one who will follow Innovation will end in Hell.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The signs of a hypocrite are three:
1. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.
2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise ).
3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest. (If you keep something as a trust with him, he will not
Narrated `Umar bin Al-Khattab:
Once a Jew said to me, "O the chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Which is read by
all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was
revealed as a day of celebration."
`Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, "Which is that verse?" The Jew
replied, "This day I have perfected your religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have
chosen for you Islam as your religion." (5:3)
`Umar replied, "No doubt, we know when and where this
verse was revealed to the Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at `Arafat (i.e. the Day
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, "When the people of Paradise will enter Paradise and the people of Hell will go to
Hell, Allah will order those who have had faith equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed to be
taken out from Hell. So they will be taken out but (by then) they will be blackened (charred). Then
they will be put in the river of Haya' (rain) or Hayat (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as to which is the
right term), and they will revive like a grain that grows near the bank of a flood channel. Don't you see that it comes out yellow and twisted"